- First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.
- Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style.
- Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. Include one or more sentences that (a) evaluate the authority or background of the author, (b) comment on the intended audience, (c) compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or (d) explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.
Creating an Annotated Bibliography
What are you trying to find?
Creating your Annotated Bibliography
Reproduced and adapted with permission from Reference Department Collections, Reference, Instruction, & Outreach (CRIO) Cornell University Library Ithaca, NY, USA.
Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.
Critically Appraising the Book, Article, or Document
For information on the author's background and views, ask at the third floor Public Service Desk for help finding appropriate biographical reference materials and book review sources.
Choosing the Correct Format for the Citations
Style manuals for MLA, APA, and other formats are kept in the reference collections. Check with your instructor to find out which style is preferred for your class. Online citation guides for both Modern Language Association (MLA) and American Psychological Association (APA) are available on the Library's Style Guides webpage.
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